Pertussis is known as the whooping cough. It is a contagious disease to a large degree that causes irrepressible, violent coughing. The main reason of the coughing is an upper respiratory infection caused by a bacterium named Bordetella pertussis.
It is spread through droplets coughed or sneezed into the air. It is highly one of the most contagious disease and whooping cough in Adults with a mild form can infect the health of others who have not yet been vaccinated.
When the patient breathes he takes out the deep whooping sound from his mouth that is why it has been given this name.
This disease is not for adults only; rather it can attack adult man, women, children, girls, boys in any age in life. In the past when vaccines of this disease were not generally obtainable, most of victims of this disease were small babies and young children and this was quite common in them. Parents should take whooping cough pertussis as seriously because that can cause total permanent disability in babies and sometimes it causes to death.
The first pertussis symptoms of whooping cough are alike to those of a common cold, having a runny nose, sneezing, mild cough and low-grade fever (less than 100.4Â° F). After the first 2 weeks of suffering from the initial reasons, the dry cough changes into coughing spells. During a coughing spell, which can remain for more than a minute, the affected one may turn red or purple and his health begins to deteriorate. Though small babies don’t always take out sound like coughing or whooping, they may rather gasp for air and might in fact stop breathing for a few seconds.
Adults and teenagers suffering from this disease may have symptoms like a prolonged cough, without the repeated spells or whoop.
There are three stages of this disease. The child normally has one to two weeks of common cold symptoms in first stage, followed by more or less two to four weeks of severe coughing in second one, however these spells can at times remain longer. The third stage comprises another several weeks of recovery with gradual resolution of symptoms.
Pertussis is extremely contagious. The bacteria may reach from one person to another through air by infectious droplets. These may become airborne when the person sneezes, coughs, or laughs. This disease is mainly contagious during the beginning stages of disease such as up to two weeks after the whooping coughing starts.
This disease can be prevented by using whooping cough vaccination. It is the part of DTaP also DTP (diphtheria, tetanus, a cellular pertussis ) immunization . DTaP immunizations are usually given in five doses before a child turns six. To give more safety, the AAP now recommends that kids of ages eleven to eighteen get a booster shot of the new combination vaccine (called Tdap). Young kids who have not received all five doses of the vaccine may require a booster dose if exposed to an infected family member.
A medical doctor should examine your child. if he/she has prolonged coughing spells, particularly if your child turn red or purple, followed by vomiting, simultaneously with a whooping sound when your child breathes after coughing. A doctor should also be consulted if your child is being treated at home and is facing trouble in taking breath or showing symptoms of dehydration.